Post Disaster Response


Wisma Nazareth – Banteng Parish, Yogyakarta, Indonesia – 07/11/10 – 18:00 West Indonesia Time. Huge empathy, responses, and any kind of disaster response have been shown by Indonesian communities for the survivors from Mt.Merapi eruption this last two weeks. This really is the richness of social capital that Indonesia civil societies have, which we need to grateful. As we can learn from all media coverage national wide, from people on street through large corporations hand in hand send their donations for Mt.Merapi survivors. This also happened for survivors of tsunami in Mentawai Islands, as well as for flooding in Wasior, Papua.

But the next crucial thing that we need to anticipate as what DR.Sigit Wijayanta, Yakkum Executive Director said, is how to support survivor families to cope their post disaster syndrome, especially in their economical and social life. DR.Wijayanta said that post disaster response will be much more complicated especially survivors’ life security during the next six to twelve months after the emergency response.

“At that period, most of the aid granted generously by communities during the emergency response such as public kitchen, meals, and another household needs, will probably be stopped already by donator communities. Because of that, all humanitarian parties need to facilitate each survivor family to develop their recovery plan, then to support them. I estimate that there’ll need at least about three months social safety net after they’ll go home from refugee camps”, as what Wijayanta said.

Indonesia government declared Friday (05/11) that they will purchase all cows from survivors from the area within 20km radial from the crater, as a way to help and alleviate their post disaster economical life. Yesterday (8/11/10) Indonesia Financial Minister told the press that his office already send an appeal to Legislature for a budget of 220 billion rupiahs or about US$ 24,444,444 for this project. As to response to it, DR. Wijayanta said that it shows goodwill from Indonesia government, but all humanitarian stakeholders should take any efforts in the implementation.

“We need to do a thorough assessment on the field regarding the cattle ownership, the cattle multi value, and also the vulnerability of the payment fund as survivors are all shorted of food”, Wijayanta said.

People on the ground even move more forward and have different views on how to anticipate it. Ponimin and his wife Jumirah who have six milking cows prefer a warrantee from government that they will provide costs for cow recovery process, even though they agree with the government scheme.

“My cows are now not well, for the feeding is not regular with low quality of grass ruined by the volcanic materials, and the vitamins concentrate absent also. No stock of it and the factory run by the coop stopped their production due the disaster. My cows are thin and unhealthy now. If they will be survived anyway, I need to wait until some months before they’re recovered and being productive back. I can tell you surely that it’ll be costly. I hope government realized it and will help us at least on that part”, Ponimin said.

Four women told similar thing to Ponimin and Jumirah. What they need is free supply security of healthy feeding for their cattle which already been weak.

“For that we don’t have money, so we hope government provides helps for us in cattle recovery process” the women said.

Ponimin, Jumirah and those four women are not alone. They are about another more than 150 families with 324 cows in one group of coop at Boyong sub-village, an area about 8 kilometers from the Mt.Merapi crater. Almost all of the Boyong citizens are IDPs who have been with YEU disaster response team since 26 October.

Women mostly are the party who raise the cattle. They grow and cut grass on some pieces of rented properties for feeding. They also milk the cows twice a day four o’clock in the morning and about two o’clock PM. While most of the men working to mine volcanic sand granted by every Mt.Merapi eruption. Merapi sands is very popular for construction work especially to erect concrete, and appraised by construction works with high value. Ponimin said that his income from
sand mining is forty thousand rupiahs per day or about US$ 4.50.

“That’s enough to support our family needs including to send one of our two children to kindergarten” Jumirah and Ponimin said. Their two children are Susilo and Pentan.

As to anticipate the problem arouse, Yakkum Emergency Unit explore the preparedness of the survivors. Yesterday (8/11/10) two different FGD were carried out with the same theme. The two discussion groups were men and women groups representing the whole survivors. There are some
issues identified already. One of them is the importance to advocate the policy makers to implement program which really reflect the fact on the field.

Most of the families in Boyong sub-village being able to have and raise cows are through a Javanese traditional scheme called “gadhuh”, organized by a cooperative. It is basically some kind like a profit sharing scheme. Farmers like Jumirah or Ponimin are given a cow by the coop. The rule of the scheme varies based on the specific agreement between the coop and the farmer. The farmers require raising the cattle. One of the various different agreements is, during the cow in
pregnancy farmer have the right to sell all milk produced to a coop with a fixed price agreed by all the coop members. Then on its eight month pregnancy (pregnancy period is nine months) both farmer and the investor will agree to sell. The margin of this selling will be shared evenly. Picture shows Ponimin and Juminah feed their cows in the cattle evacuation point, about 28kms away from their village


(Prepared by Abang Rahino, for Yakkum Emergency Unit)



About oaseindisasters

Oase in Disaster - Yakkum Emergency Unit This blog is official blog of Yakkum Emergency Unit Member of ACT Alliance and Member of Humanitarian Forum of Indonesia. The contents of this blog covers the YEU's activities related to emergency responds activities in Indonesia. Currently, we are working in emergency respon in three different areas; to respond Wasior flash-flood affected people in Manokwari, West Papua, tsunami-Mentawai affected people in Mentawai, West Sumatera, and Merapi Volcano Eruption in Central Java and Yogyakarta. At the national level, we are coordinating within the network of Humanitarian Forum of Indonesia (HFI) and at the International level we're coordinating with Global Network for Disaster Reduction and ACT Alliance. Email: Follow us in twitter @yeu2001
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One Response to Post Disaster Response

  1. shinta says:

    good points pak abang! i was really mad this evening to see that our intensive discussion around this isue was just deleted from our situation update without careful thorough consideration. your notes help us ensuring such important issues will be well taken and (hopefully) attended. viva the survivors (as well as the caregivers!!)

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