LEARNING HOW TO PREPARE FOR EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI THROUGH SIMULATION IN MASNI SUB-DISTRICT, WEST PAPUA

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Manokwari, 25 August 2011

Tectonic earthquake that hit West Papua Province on 4 January 2009 with the epicentre in the North-East of Manokwari is likely to occur again. It is due to geological pattern of the Northern territory of Papua which is characterized as the “meeting point” of three active plates; Eurasia, Pasific and Indo-Australia. Friction and collision of plates create earthquake in any time.

The history of earthquake in West Papua attests high frequency of quake occurrences. Here are some recorded data in West Papua region for the last decade with magnitude above 5.0 on the Richter scale (gathered from various sources); 10 October 2002 in Ransiki (7.6 SR), 16 January 2004 in Sorong (5.6 SR), 7 January 2008 in Manokwari (6.2 SR), 4 January 2009 in Manokwari (7.6 SR), 30 September 2010 in Kaimana (7.4 SR), 3 November 2010 in Kaimana (6.0 SR), 22 January 2011 in Sorong (5.4 SR).

In order to balance the nature of earthquake in the area, the community should learn how to prepare when it comes in unexpected timing. What is preparedness? As cited from the Disaster Management Law no. 24 year 2007, preparedness is interpreted as “series of activities intended to anticipate any disaster in the course of organizing as well as through effective and efficient efforts”. Disaster simulation (some refer to as mock-drill) is one of the exertions to encourage the human potency and the local resources in practicing and learning to react positively toward any disaster; how to respond fast in appropriate manner.

The simulation with the hazards on earthquake and tsunami has been conducted in Masni sub-district in Manokwari on Sunday (21/8). It involves 4 (four) neighbouring villages at the same time, i.e. Mansaburi, Wariori, Sambab and Igor. Among those villages, only Mansaburi which is on the coastal area, the other three villages are situated behind Mansaburi, but they are near big rivers with potential flood when tsunami arrives or when it rains heavily.

The joint simulation is expected to raise vigilance and to better react in times of emergencies with different village settings. The chain of information is seen as important as it gives initial warning from one village to another, especially when the area has no support telephone signal. YEU provides support for means of communication in the form if handy-talkie (HT) for Village Disaster Management Committee (VDMC) to facilitate and to accelerate flows of information in areas without telephone signal.

The joint simulation also focuses on strengthening the roles of local people, especially members of VDMC in responding to disaster.

The next joint simulation has been carried out on Wednesday (24/8) for 4 (four) villages; Masni, Undi, Yonsoribo and Sibuni. Whereas, the simulation for villages in Manokwari Timur sub-district (Pasir Putih, Arowi and Mansinam Island) would be in September 2011. (AMT)

Anastasia Maylinda

YAKKUM Emergency Unit (YEU)
Jl. Nusantara 4, no. 02
Kelurahan Wosi, Kecamatan Manokwari Barat
Manokwari, Papua Barat
98312
Tel./Fax. +62 (0) 986 212262

Be content with what you have; rejoice in the way things are. When you realize there is nothing lacking, the whole world belongs to you” (Lao Tze)

About oaseindisasters

Oase in Disaster - Yakkum Emergency Unit This blog is official blog of Yakkum Emergency Unit Member of ACT Alliance and Member of Humanitarian Forum of Indonesia. The contents of this blog covers the YEU's activities related to emergency responds activities in Indonesia. Currently, we are working in emergency respon in three different areas; to respond Wasior flash-flood affected people in Manokwari, West Papua, tsunami-Mentawai affected people in Mentawai, West Sumatera, and Merapi Volcano Eruption in Central Java and Yogyakarta. At the national level, we are coordinating within the network of Humanitarian Forum of Indonesia (HFI) and at the International level we're coordinating with Global Network for Disaster Reduction and ACT Alliance. Email: yeu@yeu.or.id Follow us in twitter @yeu2001 www.yeu.or.id www.actalliance.org www.humanitarianforumindonesia.org
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